Title from disc label.
Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell was one of the most controversial and enigmatic of Australian explorers. Born in Scotland in 1792, he arrived in Sydney in 1827, having accepted the position of Assistant Surveyor-General in New South Wales. Between 1831 and 1846 he led four expeditions - all investigating the country's river systems, including his best known exploration into Victoria through what he called Australia Felix.
It is his last expedition, on which he endeavoured to find a route from Sydney to Port Essington, that is described in this book. Equipped with boats, in the event of finding his long-sought great river flowing to the north coast, Mitchell set out in December 1845. Hampered by the heat and water shortages, he pushed slowly north, discovering the rich Fitz Roy Downs, but became increasingly disappointed as rivers trended in the wrong direction. Finally Mitchell reached Barcoo River, which he named Victoria and which was later discovered to be the same as Charles Sturt's Cooper's Creek. Disappointed to not find a viable route, Mitchell was forced to return because of diminishing stores.
Mitchell died some nine years later, of pneumonia contracted while surveying. Contentious till the end, he has the distinction of bestowing more names on the Australian landscape than any other explorer.
This journal totals nearly 500 pages, and contains not only Mitchell's journals of this expedition, but also drawings and seven maps, which together provide a detailed picture of the largely unexplored North Eastern region of Australia in 1845.